- Crib Mattress core is 4.5" of 100% Natural Rubber Latex manufactured in the Dunlop method. Dunlop is superior to Talalay latex processing for providing a natural, chemical free material.
- No synthetic or blended latex, toxic chemicals, foams or residues.
- Provides a 6" deep, strong, supportive mattress with a nice even top for safety.
- Covering is a quilted outer layer of organic cotton fabric, a thick layer of organic cotton batting and a thick layer filled with Pure Grow Wooltm, a program in Sonoma County, CA to secure local sources of high quality wool that is not chemically processed.
- Certified Organic Cotton Quilted Cover keeps Cotton and Wool batting from shifting and is grown in harmony with nature, free from chemicals, pesticides and dyes.
- Natural Rubber Latex ingredients - 90-95% of 100% Natural Latex with 2-3% Zinc Oxide, 1-2% Vegetable Fatty Acid Soap, 1-2% Sulfur and 1-2% Sodium needed for manufacturing.
- Two Styles Available:
- Quilted Cover - cover is machine quilted.
- Hand Tufted Cover - cover has a tight hand tufted appearance.
- Wool is naturally moisture, dust mite, mold and bacteria resistant, which is beneficial to allergy and asthma sufferers and helps regulate body temperature because of wool's natural moisture wicking and thermal properties.
- Purchasing Organic products helps protect you and the environment by improving soil quality, promoting biodiversity and reducing the amount of toxic pesticides, fertilizers and other chemicals in our ground, air and water.
- Mattress uses naturally flame retardant Wool to exceed all the higher California flame retardant guidelines without chemicals for a chemical free baby environment.
- Fits all standard Cribs and meets all Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) standards.
- Size: 28" x 52" x 6".
- Manufactured in the USA.
- Organic Cotton Source: USA.
- Pure Grow Wooltm Source: USA.
- These Crib Mattresses are hand made to order, please allow 2-4 weeks for delivery.
Benefits of Organic & Natural Latex Baby Crib Mattresses
Conventional crib mattresses are covered in vinyl that have been softened with the chemical Phthalate, a toxic substance shown to be in the body of children and adults and banned by the State of California for use in children's mattresses. Substances called Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDE's) are used as flame retardants on conventional crib mattresses and synthetic Polyurethane foams used in the mattress core and quilting release Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC's). The chemicals a baby is exposed to in a conventional crib mattress can cause endocrine disruption, immune suppression, asthma and allergies, behavioral problems and even cancer. Chemical exposure is more problematic in infants because their defense mechanisms are not fully developed and the chemical exposure to weight ratio is greater.
Our organic baby crib mattresses are the purest they can be. No fillers, no blends, no inferior materials, no paper, no chemical based flame retardants, no boric acid. Just Organic Cotton, Pure Wool and 100% Natural Dunlop process Latex foam.
- No Formaldehyde
- No Phenols
- No Arsenic
- No Antimony
- No Phthalates
- No Toluene
- No Cadmium
- No Pesticide Residue
- No Chemical Flame Retardants
- No Dioxins
- No Boric Acid
- No Benzenes
About Natural Rubber Latex Processing
A significant amount of Latex Foam products in the marketplace are claiming to be “Natural” and without synthetic chemicals or petroleum ingredients. The variety of information and misinformation is confusing to the customer trying to determine what the real facts are about the product of interest. Many manufacturers and retailers in the industry are not forthcoming about the details of their product ingredients or manufacturing processes because they don’t want to release proprietary information or disclose that their products are not completely natural, contain synthetic chemicals or have blended synthetic ingredients into their products.
There are primarily two Latex foam processing methods, called Dunlop and Talalay, used to create Natural Latex foam for consumer goods such as pillows, mattress toppers and mattresses. Both processes use molds and heat to form the latex slab, but the Talalay process differs from the Dunlop process in several ways.
Dunlop Latex - The Dunlop process was invented in 1929 and uses an “Open Mold” filling system with a blended air/latex mixture to achieve the required density and hardness of the foam. Material is poured into molds and heat is used to cure the latex through a series of stainless steel pins that are inserted into the latex liquid as part of the mold. The stainless steel pins help to distribute the heat evenly for a consistent end product. This process changes the liquid latex into the solid form (Vulcanization) used in consumer goods. Following the vulcanization process, the solidified foam slabs are removed from the molds and proceed through a series of washing processes to remove residues and ensure a clean and pure product. A drying process that is unique to the manufacturer establishes the feel and characteristics of the final foam slab.Talalay Latex - The Talalay process does not fill the molds entirely with the liquid latex mixture as is done with the Dunlop process. The molds of the Talalay process are closed and air tight sealed and a vacuum is applied to remove any air within the mold and expand the liquid foam mixture to fill the mold. The Talalay latex mixture is chilled to freezing (-20°F) and then CO2 is introduced to gel the latex mixture along with heat to begin the Vulcanization (solidifying) process. The washing and drying process steps are similar to the Dunlop method.
Both Dunlop and Talalay processes need the addition of other substances added to the natural latex liquid to process it into a solid foam product. Some of the most common added ingredients are Sulfur, Zinc Oxide and fatty acids, which make up the “cure package” that stabilizes the final product. Because of the rigorous aspect of the Talalay processes of freezing and vacuum forming, Talalay processing requires the use of additional chemicals in a cure package that is not used in the Dunlop process. In discussions with manufacturers and distributors of Latex foam, we were informed that a completely natural Talalay Latex foam product is rarely used in the marketplace. Additionally, the CO2 used in the Talalay manufacturing process is not good for the environment.
- Synthetic Latex can be added to Natural Latex to produce a blended product. This is often done to reduce the cost of the product and imparts qualities not consistent with a completely natural product.
- Fillers can be added to the Latex mixture to reduce the volume of Natural Latex needed and thereby reduce cost. These fillers can reduce the durability and comfort of the Latex foam over time.
- Bio-Based Latex has been introduced in the market recently. These Bio-Based foams are derived from plant material such as castor or soy beans and are used to replace a portion of synthetic petroleum in the Latex mixture. These Bio-Based foams are not completely natural foam products as the Bio component is blended with synthetic petroleum mixture and may make up only 10-30% of the total product.
It is important that a consumer know what process was used to manufacture their Natural Latex foam product and what synthetic ingredients were added. Manufacturers and dealers of Talalay products say the Talalay process provides for a more uniform and responsive product. With the advances in computer controlled operations today, the quality of the Dunlop process foam is of the highest quality and characteristics such as density and firmness can be adjusted to the needs of the consumer.
HealthGoods believes customers that purchase Natural Latex foam products encased in Organic Cotton and Wool, want to have the purest, chemical free products as possible. Why would you buy a synthetic or blended foam material that utilizes toxic chemicals and cover it with Organic Cotton and call it a “Natural” product? This is just misleading the consumer. We will not sell Talalay processed Latex foam products until we are assured they are as Natural and Chemical Free as the Dunlop processed Latex foam.
About the Pure Grow Wool Program
The Vivetique Natural Bedroom Pure Grow Wool Program establishes standards of quality and develops relationships with local Wool growers to ensure high quality, chemical free Wool. Two main concerns addressed in this program are the purity of the wool and the health of the animals and eco system. An overview of the Pure Grow Wool Standards:
Wool Fiber – standards for fiber length, color, fiber strength, removal of foreign matter from the fleece and no chemical contaminants.
Livestock – reduction of the use of toxic substances that might contaminate the wool, emphasize stress reduction and good nutrition to maximize animal health. Guidelines require the active prevention of disease through nutrition, positive management of living conditions and humane treatment of all animals.
Grazing Management - pasture lands are carefully monitored to prevent overgrazing. Fertilization of pastures and management of weeds are outlined.
Disease and Parasite Control - recommendations for treatment of ill animals and natural medications are to be used when possible. Internal and external Parasite control guidelines do not allow the use of synthetic pesticides prohibited by the California Certified Organic Farmers Material List. Management techniques are encourages to minimize Parasite issues on animals and pasture land.
Conventionally Grown Cotton
Conventionally grown cotton is a very chemically intensive crop and consumes approximately 25% of the insecticides and 10% of the pesticides used for agriculture. Producing enough cotton for one T-shirt requires about a 1/3 to 1/4 of a pound of pesticides and fertilizers. According to the US Department of Agriculture, fifty-five million pounds of pesticides were sprayed on conventional cotton grown in the U.S. in 2003 and over 2.03 billion pounds of synthetic fertilizers were applied to conventional cotton in 2000. Synthetic chemical fertilizers and toxic pesticide use increases the likelihood of human exposure even if there is no direct contact with these substances. These chemicals leach into the groundwater and contaminate our drinking water and end up in our food supply. Their production requires use of non-renewable petroleum based ingredients and the manufacturing process, storage and transportation produces more potential pollution.
The US Environmental Protection Agency considers seven of the top 15 pesticides used on cotton in 2000 in the United States as "possible," "likely," "probable," or "known" human carcinogens. The US General Accounting Office has said "Exposure to pesticides can cause a range of ill effects in humans, from relatively mild effects such as headaches, fatigue, and nausea, to more serious effects such as cancer and neurological disorders. In 1999, EPA estimated that nationwide there were at least 10,000 to 20,000 physician-diagnosed pesticide illnesses and injuries per year in farm work. Environmental effects are evident in the findings of the U.S. Geological Survey, which reported in 1999 that more than 90 percent of water and fish samples from streams and about 50 percent of all sampled wells contained one or more pesticides. The concern about pesticides in water is especially acute in agricultural areas, where most pesticides are used."
Conventionally Grown Wool
When thinking of wool, we think of the sheep where wool comes from. In the US alone, over 14,000 pounds of insecticides were applied directly to sheep in year 2,000 to help control mites, lice, flies and other pests. The application of toxic pesticides to sheep is not only dangerous to the health of the sheep, but to humans and the environment as well. Pesticides used for sheep pose serious health consequences to farm workers with impacts ranging from depression and anxiety to central nervous system damage and reduced bone formation. These pesticides are also toxic to fish and wildlife through transfer from the application site via irrigation and storm water run-off. Antibiotics are also used on conventionally raised sheep to facilitate growth and compensate for overcrowding and unhealthy living conditions. These antibiotic feed additives can contaminate surface and ground waters through animal waste and can make their way into the human food chain where they can impact the ability of medicines to overcome bacteria resistance to antibiotics in humans.
Synthetic Flexible Foam and Synthetic Latex
Over 1.7 billion pounds of synthetic flexible foam is produced annually in the US for all types of consumer goods. The bedding industry uses synthetic flexible foam products extensively in products such as mattresses and pillows. Flexible Polyurethane Foam (FPF) is produced from primary polyol (50%), polyisocyanurates (40%) and water (10%). Various other chemicals such as catalysts, blowing agents, surfactants, fillers, flame retardants, colorants, antistatic and antibacterial additives are selected to give the foam the specific desired properties. When these chemicals combine, a foam reaction occurs that creates the final material to be shaped and cut.
The most notable flexible foam product in recent years is viscoelastic foam, also known as "Memory Foam" or "Temper Foam". It is recognized for its slow recovery after compression and advertised for its ability to conform to a body's shape. Many viscoelastic products react to temperature from the ambient air and from body temperature. These products soften with heat to become more pliable and conforming.
Synthetic Latex Foam Rubber is not the same as Flexible Polyurethane Foam and contains no Polyurethane. Manufacturers of synthetic latex foam use similar equipment as natural latex foam rubber manufacturers, the difference being the use of synthetic chemicals to approximate natural latex rubber properties. Synthetic foam rubber can be 100% synthetic or a combination of synthetic and natural ingredients. Manufacturers will label their synthetic and natural latex blended products as natural latex or natural rubber because there is some natural component, so be sure to find out what is in the product.
Issues with Synthetic Flexible Foam and Synthetic Latex Foam products
Chemical Exposure - synthetic foam products are produced from synthetic chemicals. The type, quantity and toxicity of these chemicals can vary in different products. Sleeping on top of these products for 8 hours per day, separated only by a layer of fabric, significantly exposes you to the volatile chemical vapors released from these products increasing your chemical exposure level. Many of these chemicals pose a health risk, such formaldehyde, styrene, and the foam flame retardant PBDE (polybrominated diphenyl ethers), which has been banned in several states in the US and the European Union. PBDE is a relative of PCB's and significant levels have been found in women's breast milk. Animal testing of the health effects of PBDE have shown it to cause cognitive and behavior changes during development, lowered intelligence, higher cancer rates, nervous system damage and reproductive development and immune system problems.
Comfort - a lot of claims are being made about the comfort and conforming nature of viscoelastic foams. There is great variability as to the quality, density, composition, compression recovery and temperature sensitivity of these products, so buyer beware as not all "memory foam" products offer the same characteristics. Temperature and humidity both affect the performance of viscoelastic foam. Changing room temperature and humidity will change the way these products perform, so what feels great one day, may not feel the same the next. Body temperature will soften the foam to make it more pliable and conforming. This is advertised as a benefit to the consumer when actually it is not a benefit. Viscoelastic foam has slow recovery and poor "springback" after compression. As the body sinks into this material, a crater or "sink hole" is created as it conforms to the body. This makes it difficult to roll over or move from that position as the foam material next to this "crater" is not compressed or affected by body temperature and the viscoelastic material provides no spring support, so you are virtually moving out of a hole to change sleeping positions. Additionally, the changes in viscoelastic products are slow, so it takes several seconds for the material to adjust to your change in position. Viscoelastic material may be comfortable when stationary, but no one sleeps without constant movement. If you are not instantly comfortable when you adjust your position on a mattress or pillow or it becomes difficult to move during sleep, how can this be beneficial to sound uninterrupted sleep?
Environmental - a completely synthetic petroleum based product that depletes non-renewal resources and contributes to environmental pollution through the exploration, transportation, manufacturing and disposal of it's ingredients.
Organic Cotton, Wool and Natural Latex Foam Rubber
The National Organic Standards Board of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) defines organic agriculture as "An ecological production management system that promotes and enhances biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity. It is based on minimal use of off-farm inputs and on management practices that restore, maintain and enhance ecological harmony." Certified Organic means a verification process was performed by an independent state or private organization to ensure that the strict organic standards were followed in the crop or product's production. Organic standards regulate the farm production of the raw material, but in Organic Cotton production, the finished materials can be treated with synthetic chemicals and toxic dyes and still be labeled Organic. Certified Organic Wool fiber production is different as it has stringent requirements in fiber processing. When choosing Organic products, it is important to know if the product was made from "Certified Organic" base materials and any potentially harmful finishing processes used to produce the final end product. Making a shift toward organic production will have a major beneficial impact on all of us by reducing toxic chemical human exposure and pollution to our air, water, food and land.
- Provides a comfortable, soft feel.
- Is a durable and strong material that resists abrasion.
- Can absorb up to 27 times its weight in moisture making it great for bath products.
- Helps regulate body temperature and provides protection in both cold and warm conditions. Cotton will absorb perspiration from the skin and release it to the drier air to help keep you cool.
- No synthetic pesticides, fertilizers, irradiation, sewage sludge or genetic engineering were used for the previous three years.
- Farmers use beneficial insects that are natural predators to pests, improve the soil through the use of organic compost and crop rotation and pull weeds mechanically or physically.
- Reduced soil erosion, retention of soil nutrients and no contamination from toxic pesticide use that can remain persistent in our environment.
- A natural flame retardant and is used in place of toxic synthetic chemical flame retardant products to meet federal standards.
- Resistant to compression and springs back to shape to provide long life durability. A wool fiber can be bent up to 20,000 times without breaking compared to 3,200 times for cotton.
- Helps regulate body temperature and provides protection in both cold and warm conditions. Wool works to balance moisture conditions and will absorb perspiration from the skin and release it to the drier air to help keep you cool. In humid environments, wool provides a layer of dry air next to the body. Can absorb up to 30% of its weight in moisture without feeling wet.
- Produced in accordance with federal standards for Organic livestock production.
- Genetic engineering and hormones are prohibited.
- No synthetic pesticides can be used in feed, externally or on pasture land. Sheep can not be dipped in pesticides to control pests and grazing land must be free of synthetic chemicals for at least three years.
- Animal feed must be organic from the last third of gestation period.
- Livestock health is maintained through good management practices.
- Fiber processing restricts chemical use and requires separation of organic and non-organic fibers.
Natural Latex Foam Rubber
- Natural latex is obtained from cutting a spiral groove into the bark of the Hevea Brasiliensis tree, also called the "rubber tree" and collecting the secreted milky white liquid in a cup. At the manufacturer, the latex is whipped into a froth to create bubbles and is placed into molds. Through a process called Vulcanization, using primarily heat and sulfur compounds, the latex is transformed into a solid natural rubber and undergoes several finishing and cleaning steps before it is ready for products.
- Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia make up 80% of the world supply of natural latex with Sri Lanka, India, Liberia and Nigeria contributing another 12%.
- 100% Natural Latex Rubber is not affected by changes in temperature and provides consistent performance.
- Provides instantaneous support with Natural Latex Rubber's characteristic springiness and will not create "craters" in the material as you move.
- Completely conforms to a sleeper's body to distribute weight evenly without becoming indented or packed down for a sound uninterrupted sleep. This is very important to physical and mental health.
- Naturally resistant to mold, dustmites, mildew and is hypoallergenic.
- Very durable. When properly used and cared for, natural latex rubber products can last up to 30 years.
There are several factors that impact the cost of Organic Cotton and Wool products. At the present time, Organic textile products cost more than a comparable conventionally grown textile product. As demand for Organic products increase, the growing, manufacturing and distribution costs will decrease to a point closer to conventionally grown products. Buying Organic and Natural Rubber Latex products also helps to create a market transformation in which higher demand reduces costs and provides finished goods through more mainstream sources. Natural Rubber Latex products also help to create a market transformation in which higher demand reduces costs and provides finished goods through more mainstream sources. Natural Latex Foam products are manufactured from raw material that is harvested from regions far away and are not based on less expensive synthetic chemical ingredients. Only 4 lbs. of natural crude rubber can be harvested by a Rubber Tree annually. However, 100% Natural Latex Rubber products are priced competitively with many comparable conventional synthetic products. Here are a few reasons why Organic Cotton, Wool and Natural Rubber Latex products are more expensive.
There are two costs associated when purchasing Organic and Natural Rubber products: